What is Web 3.0 and How Will It Change the Internet?
Communication technology appears to be the most rapidly evolving field. And, having progressed from web 1.0 to web 2.0, we are naturally moving towards web 3.0.
Data communication for computer networks was first studied in the 1960s. Vint Cerf, Yogen Dalal, and Carl Sunshine established the internet's foundational concepts, Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and Internet Protocol (IP), in 1974.
In 1993, the internet accounted only 1% of all worldwide communication. By 2000, it had risen to 51%, and by 2007, it accounted for more than 97 percent of all information transmitted.
The internet is now at the very heart of modern civilisation. It elevates daily and commercial communication to new heights. And it appears that this isn't even the final version.
Web 1.0 enters the picture.
As the ‘read-only web,' internet 1.0 entered the communication field in the 1990s. You could just look for and read websites. Static HTML pages were used to create the websites, which could simply show information.
You'd have to start by looking via website directories. You could only use some search engines with rudimentary functionality after the year 2000.
Believe it or not, the web 1.0 ‘era' was when Yahoo was the MVP and Google merely aspired to be the next Yahoo.
When did web 2.0 get started?
At the end of the 1990s, a more interactive version of the internet began to emerge.
Because CSS didn't exist in the early 2000s, developers had to write thousands of lines of PHP, HTML, MySQL, and JS code to further modify a website.
When the initial version of Flash was released in 1996, it changed website design by allowing developers to create websites with complex media such as web applications, games, videos, and photos.
For a time, Flash did provide certain missing features. However, as devices and the notion of acceptable load time progressed, it became of little or no relevance to newer browsers.
HTML5 and CSS3 websites began to replace Flash-based websites as more designers and developers discovered the benefits of Web standards.
However, the appearance of Facebook in 2004 marked the beginning of the transition from web 1.0 to web 2.0. Following that, key sites focused on user-generated content, such as Reddit (2005), Twitter (2006), and Youtube (2007), solidified the ‘read-write web' for good.
The internet wasn't created solely for businesses to display their products on a website. A voice was given to the average internet user. As a result, testimonials and evaluations were necessary for marketing objectives.
Furthermore, since the introduction of smartphones in 2007, an increasing number of people have in their pockets a fully functional internet-connected device.
We now post blogs, share videos, write reviews, and conduct voice searches in web 2.0. Furthermore, we use the internet to its full potential from a little mobile device as a social tool, an encyclopaedia, a marketplace, and a weapon against brands.
So, what's the deal with Web 3.0?
As the internet grew in popularity, scientists began to speculate about what it could become. Berners-Lee used the term "semantic web" in 1999 to describe the first concept related to web 3.0.
“I have a dream for the Web [in which computers are able to analyse all of the data on the Web, including content, links, and transactions between people and computers].” The ‘semantic web,' which enables this, has yet to materialise, but once it does, machines talking to machines will handle the day-to-day procedures of trade, bureaucracy, and our daily lives. People have been talking about 'intelligent agents' for a long time, and now they're going to show up.” However, as time goes on, web 3.0 expands beyond the semantic web to include artificial intelligence, interoperability, decentralisation, and other topics.
Are we on the verge of Web 3.0?
Software that can assess complex data and associate many parameters is already being implemented by big IT organisations. We can even use Google Maps to see street views of towns on the other side of the world. And we have the uneasy impression that advertisers are listening in on our conversations via our mobile gadgets.
However, now that most people are used to an extremely social and dynamic web, doubts about whether we've fully transitioned to web 3.0 have been surfacing for years.
There is no reason to suppose, however, that we have exited the web 2.0 zone.
As a result, the short response is "not yet."
Artificial intelligence research has yet to produce a product that can be used on the internet effectively. Many apps are now confined to running on a single operating system (be it iOS, Android, Windows, or others).
And, while virtual reality is progressing, it still has a long way to go before it is widely used.
We are, nevertheless, very near to web 3.0.